Saturday, 5 October 2019

Addenda and Corrigenda to Jenkins' Bibliography of Ammianus Marcellinus

For my review of Jenkins’ Ammianus Marcellinus: An Annotated Bibliography see here. I'll try to update the post as I work on Ammianus' text in the coming years -- a task vastly facilitated by Jenkins' book. [update -- thanks to Alan Ross for a couple of addenda in the comments, now incorporated in the text 23.2.2020; thanks to Raphael Brendel for some further addenda (Hansen; Den Boer; Cameron 2012), and for suggesting that I add references to other reviews 26.5.2020; updated with Hermann 29.7.2020; updated 4.4.2022, 15.7.2022, 25.7.2023].

Chapter 1 Bibliographies
B1984-01 Caltabiano’s forename, Matilde, is missing (p. 9)

Chapter 2 Editions
E1533-02 Omnia quam antehac emendatiora. Annotationes Des. Erasmi & Egnatii cognitu dignae. C. Suetonius Tranquillus. Dion Cassius. Aelius Spartianus. Iulius Capitolinus. Aelius Lampridius. Vulcatius Gallicanus. Trebellius Pollio. Flavius Vopiscus. Herodianus Politiano interp. Sex. Aurelius Victor. Pomponius Laetus. Io. Baptista Egnatius. Ammianus Marcellinus quatuor libris auctus. Cum indicibus copiosis. Basileae: in officina Frobeniana, 1533.

The title of this compendium, containing Gelenius' edition, should be printed as above: the order given by Jenkins (p. 15) takes the list of authors as being in two columns rather than from left to right.

E1544-01 Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum libri XVIII a decimoquarto ad trigesimum primum. Nam XIII priores desiderantur. Quanto vero castigatior hic scriptor nunc prodeat, ex Hieronymi Frobenii epistola, quam hac de causa addimus, cognosces. Librum trigesimum primum qui in exemplari Frobeniano non habetur, adiecimus ex codice Mariangeli Accursii. Parisiis: Ex officina Rob. Stephani typographi Regij, 1544.

Jenkins writes (p. 15): ‘Estienne reprinted the text of Gelenius (E1533-02), including Hieronymus Froben’s preface. He also added the missing books 30.9.7-31 from the edition of Accursius (E1533-01).’ However, Estienne in fact missed out the last chapter of book 30 (30.10) when adding book 31.

E1693-01 Jacobus Gronovius’ 1693 edition of Ammianus (p. 20)
Note also the illustrations in this book, which include medallions of the various emperors as well as the battle of Strasbourg and the siege of Amida.

E1871-01 Eyssenhardt, Franz, Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum libri quae supersunt. Berlin: Vahlen, 1871.
This should read qui supersunt (p. 22)

E1874-01 Gardthausen, Victor Emil, Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum quae supersunt. Leipzig: Teubner, 1874-75.
Likewise, this should read qui supersunt (p. 22).

E1910-01 Clark, Charles Upson. Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum libri qui supersunt. Berlin: Weidman, 1910-1915
The title should have been given in full, both to include the names of Clark’s supervisors/ collaborators, and because of the reference to the important fact of Clark’s recognition of clausulation. After supersunt, add: Recensuit rhythmiceque distinxit Carolus U. Clark, adiuvantibus Ludovico Traube et Gulielmo Heraeo (p.23).

In the list of reviews, that by Frank Gardner Moore is said to be in Classical World 4 (1910), 45-46: in fact, Classical Weekly.

Cross-refer to 1911-08 R. Novák, ‘Kritische Nachlese zu Ammianus Marcellinus’, Wiener Studien 33 (1911) 293-322, a response to the first volume of Clark’s edition (notable for the remark that the application of insights from prose rhythm was equivalent in value for the text to the discovery of another major manuscript).  

E1978-01 Seyfarth, Wolfgang, Lieselotte Jacob-Karau, and Ilse Ullmann, Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum quae supersunt. Leipzig: Teubner, 1978. The review cited by André (RPh 53 (1979), 252) is in fact of the fourth volume of Seyfarth’s bilingual version (E1968-02), at which point it is correctly recorded. (p. 27, cf. p. 26).

Chapter 4 Commentaries 

C1948-01 Jonge, Pieter de. Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XV, 1-5. Groningen: Wolters, 1948. It is wrongly stated that the two earlier volumes (1935, 1939) had been in Dutch: in fact in German (see C1935-01, C1939-02)

Chapter 5 Concordances, Indexes and Lexica
In the preface to his edition, Clark records that Michael Petschenig had lent him a concordance of Ammianus.

Chapter 7 Secondary Studies before 1800
1531-01 Beatus Rhenanus’ Res Germanicae, add Mundt, Felix, Beatus Rhenanus: Rerum Germanicarum libri tres (1531). Ausgabe, Übersetzung, Studien. Berlin, 2008 (p. 49).

Chapter 8 Secondary Studies, 1800-1899
1855 Add Ilberg, Hugo. Exercitationes criticae, Programm des vereinigten Königl. und Stadtgymnasium zu Stettin 1855. Stettin, 1855, 1-15; discussion of Ammianus 29.1.31 at 15 (p. 76).       

1878-02 Dederichs, Heinrich, Quaestiones Ammianeae grammaticae et criticae, Münster. Among the passages that Dederichs deals with, 25.3.5 is listed; it is in fact 25.3.6 (a mistake on Dederichs’ part, not Jenkins’) (p. 93).

Chapter 9 Secondary Studies, 1900-1999
1934 Add Pasquali, Giorgio, Storia della tradizione e critica del testo. Florence: Felice le Monnier, 1934. The textual transmission of Ammianus is used as an example on pp. 81-83 (p. 177).

1936-07 Robinson, R. P. ‘The Hersfeldensis and Fuldensis of Ammianus Marcellinus’, in R,P. Robinson (ed.) Studies in Honor of Walter Miller (Columbia, 1936) = University of Missouri Studies 11, 18–40 (p. 191). Jenkins is not systematic in listing reviews of books that contain single chapters on Ammianus, but I would draw attention to several reviews that mention this chapter, including C.U. Clark in AJP 61 (1940), 511-512, G.B.A. Fletcher in CQ 1945, 77-78, L.W. Jones in Classical Weekly 36 (1937), 264-266.

1952 Add Hansen, Günther Christian, ‘Tiberius und Constantius im Lichte der senatorischen Geschichtsschreibung des Tacitus und Ammianus’, Diplomexamensarbeit, Berlin, 1952.

1964-03 Alan Cameron’s ‘The Roman Friends of Ammianus’ was later reprinted in in his Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Edipuglia: Bari, 2016), ch. 12 (p. 222).
1965-02 and 1967-02 Alan Cameron’s two articles on the late antique reception of Pliny’s letters were later reprinted in combined and revised form in R.K. Gibson and C.L. Whitton, The Epistles of Pliny (Oxford Readings in Classical Studies) (Oxford, 2015), ch. 19 ‘Pliny’s Afterlife’ and in Cameron’s Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Edipuglia: Bari, 2016), ch. 8 as ‘The Fate of Pliny’s Letters in the Late Empire’. (pp. 226, 232).

1969 Add Walter, Hermann. Die 'Collectanea rerum memorabilium des C. Julius Solinus. Ihre Entshehung und die Echtheit ihrer Zweitfassung (Hermes Einzelschriften 22: Wiesbaden 1969. There is a discussion on pp/ 44-54 on Ammianus' use of Solinus' text in the second of its two editions.

1971-05 Den Boer, Willem. ‘Ontleningen, toespelingen, doubletten. Dr geschiedschrijvers van de 4e eeuw na Chr. Aan het werk’. In D.M. Kriel (ed.) Pro munere grates: Studies Presented to H.L. Gonin. Pretoria: Departement Latijn, Universiteit van Pretoria, 1971. Jenkins does not supply page numbers (which are 59-71), and the Historia Augusta vita referred to is the Quadriga Tyrannorum not the Vita Quadrigarii.

1973 Add Češka, Josef. Textová kritika ve filologické praxi. Brno, 1973.

1976-31 Syme, Sir Ronald. ‘Bogus authors’. In J.A. Straub (ed) Bonner Historia Augusta Colloquium (Bonn, 1976), 311-22. The title of the article should be as above, not ‘Bogus names’ (p.283).

1977-07 Češka, Josef. ‘Die Gattin des Caesars Gallus: Hiess sie Constantina oder Constantia’, Arheološki Vestnik 38 (1977) 428-435. The date is 1977 not 1972 as printed (p. 285).

1977-10 Fontaine 1977: in the English summary correct the French spelling Ambroise (p. 285).

1977-22 Suerbaum 1977: in the English summary delete surplus of’ (‘reviews of earlier of editions (p. 287).

1983-07 To the list of positive reactions to Cappellettos work on Biondo Flavio, add Reeve, Michael D. ‘Classical Scholarship’, in J. Kraye, Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism (Cambridge UP, 1996), 20-46, at p. 38.

1984-20 Issue 9 of AJAH and Naudé’s article (‘The Date of the Later Books of Ammianus Marcellinus’) were actually published six years late in 1990 – which makes a scholarly difference, since the arguments for publication of Ammianus ca. 390 began being made in the later 1980s (e.g. Rike 1987, Matthews 1989) (p.323).

1986 add Szidat, Joachim. Civitas . . . fabricata est (CIL III.6730). Überlegungen zur Neubefestigung von Amida in den Jahren 367-375 n.Chr. und zur Befestigungstätigkeit von Valens’, in Panegyris Symphilologounton. Festschrift für Thomas Gelzer zum 60. Geburtstag (Bern, 1986), 130-43

1989-08 Alan Cameron’s ‘Biondo’s Ammianus’ was later reprinted in slightly altered form in his Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Edipuglia: Bari, 2016), ch. 11. In Jenkins’ summary, correct Cappelletti to Cappelletto (p.346).

1990-06 Broszinski and Teitler’s article arguably publishes four new fragments of the Hersfeldensis, not three (p. 353).

1991-32 Read ‘revised’ for ‘revise’ (p. 363).

1995-10 Češka, Josef. ‘De erroribus a scribis editoribusve tam infeliciter commissis, ut Ammianus Marcellinus immerito interdum stultus videatur’, LF 118 (1995), 8-19. The word videatur is omitted from the title (p. 386).

1998-26 The editor of the volume in which Den Hengst’s article appears is Jerzy Styka, not Stryka (p. 411).

Chapter 10 Secondary Studies, 2000-2016

2011-07 To the reviews of Cameron's Last pagans add Gavin Kelly, Classical Review 65 (2015) 230-33, reprinted here (p. 554). 

2011-52 In Jenkins’ summary of Ziche 2011, correct spelling of ‘accommodation’ (p. 563).

2012-03 Cameron’s article on ‘Nicomachus Flavianus and the Date of Ammianus’ Last Books’ is reprinted with a slightly altered title (‘Nicomachus Flavianus and Ammianus’s Last Books’) in his Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Edipuglia: Bari, 2016), ch. 10 (p. 584).

2013-54 The publication date of eHumanistica 24 should be 2013 not 1913 (p. 584).

2015-07 The book number for the Artemius episode is missing in the description of the article (22.11.1-3) (p. 596).

2015-49 (a letter by Andrew Wallace-Hadrill to The Times): read ‘led’ for ‘lead’ (p. 604).

Index p. 660 in lemma Salutius, Saturninus Secundus, read Saturninius.

Other reviews of Jenkins
Alan Ross in Ancient History Bulletin online reviews 7 (2017), 43-45.
Álvaro Sanchez-Ostiz in Gnomon 92 (2020), 176-177.
J. Szidat, Eine Bibliographie zu Ammian’, Histos 12 (2018), xvi-xix.
N. Zugravu, Classica et Christiana 17 (2018), 229-233 [this review has a list of reprints of editions, websites, and a few works in Romanian omitted by Jenkins]. 

Thursday, 3 October 2019

A New Bibliography of Ammianus Marcellinus

The following review will appear in next year's Classical Review [70.1 (2020), 132-4]. I hope it will be obvious to readers that I think Jenkins' work a remarkable achievement. In the hope of being useful to readers of his book and to students of Ammianus, In another post, I shall add a tentative list of addenda and corrigenda, which I plan to update as I make further use of the book.

JENKINS (F.W.) Ammianus Marcellinus. An Annotated Bibliography, 1474 to the Present. Pp. xviii + 665. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017. Cased, €199, US$217. ISBN: 978-90-04-32029-1.

In 1947 E.A. Thompson mused in the introduction of The Historical Work of Ammianus Marcellinus that for every reader of his author, there were probably a thousand readers of Sallust, Livy or Tacitus. That was an exaggeration even then, and Ammianus has attracted a great deal of attention in the intervening period, especially in the last 30 years. The author has been seen both as a great prose-artist and as a writer whose /133/ clunkiness guaranteed his sincerity; as an accurate and faithful guide to the history of the later fourth century and as a nostalgic pagan who wilfully misrepresented or shut his eyes to the reality of the age he lived in. His poor transmission and extravagant style have elicited thousands of conjectural emendations and hundreds of studies of spiky Late Latin vocabulary and syntax; his thematic and geographical range, both in digressions and narrative, has attracted the antiquarians.

The weighty bibliography under review was published by Brill a year before the completion of the remarkable commentary by J. den Boeft, J.W. Drijvers, D. den Hengst and H.C. Teitler appeared with the same press. (Brill’s website refers to an initial [partial, online?] publication on 14 November 2015, but the text as we have it was clearly finalised in 2016 for publication in 2017.) Professor and Associate Dean for Collections at the University of Dayton, Ohio, Jenkins has performed a monumental service. Like the commentary, this book will provoke the reader’s respect and admiration as well as the gratitude for achieving something most scholars would never attempt.

The chapters cover the following topics: (1) ‘Bibliographies’; (2) ‘Editions’, (3) ‘Translations’; (4) ‘Commentaries’; (5) ‘Concordances, Indexes and Lexica’; (6) ‘Websites’ (only two of these); (7) ‘Secondary Studies before 1800’; (8) ‘Secondary Studies, 1800–1899’; (9) ‘Secondary Studies, 1900–1999’; and (10) ‘Secondary Studies, 2000–2016’. The volume closes with an index of authors and an index of subjects. Each chapter is organised chronologically by year and then alphabetically by author (except that translations are organised first by the 17 languages into which Ammianus has been translated). Entries are distinguished by date and number, with the letters B, E, T, C, L, W preceding the date in items from the first six chapters. Entries have a brief abstract, occasionally with illustrative quotations, written in a well-informed and generous-spirited manner. These are sometimes supplemented by cross-references to closely related works and, occasionally, in the case of works before 1950, by biographical or bibliographical information on the author. The abstracts of textual articles generally include a complete list of passages discussed: so, although there is no index locorum, scholars will be able to turn up a high proportion of relevant scholarship on particular passages of Ammianus by searching the electronic edition (though not, perhaps, discussions that occur in longer monographs, in reviews or in passing in articles on other topics). Reviews are consistently cited for works specifically on Ammianus and selectively for general works in which Ammianus is featured. Online availability is also announced, selectively in the case of articles. For older books out of copyright in particular Google Books, the Internet Archive, the Münchner Digitalisierungszentrum and other organisations now make accessible works that would previously have been relatively inaccessible to many scholars.

The bulk of the work is taken up by the four chapters on secondary studies stretching from 1529 to 2016. As mentioned above, scholarship on Ammianus has multiplied notably faster than the rate of classical scholarship as a whole, and a nice illustration comes in the fact that Jenkins’ own 1985 doctorate is less than halfway through these chapters of secondary studies. My own first ‘publication’ in 2002 (a doctoral thesis: indeed Jenkins even includes some Master’s theses) comes when there are still 150 pages of entries to go.

Gaps are few. The books and articles identified before 1800 are, as Jenkins acknowledges, not completely comprehensive, but this terra incognita may be where the contribution will be greatest. To give two examples: an editor using the first secondary work listed, Beatus Rhenanus’ Res Germanicae (1531), will find a number of generally accepted emendations normally attributed to later scholars and, as I shall show elsewhere, the work can also solve some problems related to the sources of Gelenius’ edition of 1533. (Jenkins does not include Mundt’s edition of Rhenanus’ work with translation and studies.) Secondly, while I asserted confidently ten years ago (CP 104 [2009]) that the chapter divisions and headings /134/ created by Adrien de Valois for his edition of 1681 had been preceded by a different set of divisions and capitula in the Le Preux edition of 1591, I learned to my own embarrassment of a third set of chapter divisions and headings in the 1611 edition of Gruter.

Works that are not specifically about Ammianus are the other area where selectivity might be expected, but here too Jenkins is catholic in his approach. The inclusion of historical works that discuss Ammianus’ period is commendably broad. I can point to two general works on Latin textual criticism containing significant discussion of Ammianus’ transmission that are omitted: G. Pasquali, Storia della tradizione e critica del testo (1934, with many reprints) and J. Češka, Textová kritika ve filologické praxi (1973). Having pedantically pointed out the latter omission, it is only fair to emphasise that, as far as I can judge, Jenkins seems to have done an outstanding job at identifying and including material in Slavic languages. 

I could at this point list other arguable omissions and typos and offer corrections on points of detail but such a list would be strikingly short and trivial for a work of 650 pages, and it would risk misrepresenting Jenkins' admirable diligence and dedication and real success. Speaking as somebody who has been working on this author from a literary, historical, and textual approach for more than 20 years, I was introduced to a daunting number of works unknown to me by this book. For those working consistently on Ammianus or those dipping in to check for a detail, this is a remarkably useful resource.